What does Ben Graham’s psychology tell us about them?

Ben Graham has written a book about consciousness and the ideal of self.

Ben Graham is trying to overcome his feelings of insecurity. To do so, he needs a home: a dwelling, a territory, or perhaps a safe space or setting where he can rest, and let down his systems of defense against the outer world, which he finds aggressive and hostile. He is ready to make some sacrifices in order to maintain and consolidate the structure he has chosen. True inner security, based on real knowledge of himself, his abilities, and his shortcomings, his strengths and his weaknesses, would no doubt be most effective and would allow him to remain open to the varieties of experience offered by the world.

Ben Graham has a paternal complex and, as a result, some trouble finding his identity. Perhaps his father or a father figure was absent physically or emotionally during his childhood, which deprived him of the patterns or models which are usually helpful in structuring a personality. Because he might have lacked a particular sense of security which could be provided by a paternal presence, as well as the examples of behavior to follow in confronting the difficulties inherent in every life, he was forced to protect himself against negative influences and find his own system in order to grow and feel secure. Although this system was quite useful to him as a child, it has now settled in to such a degree that it interferes with his evolution. Psychological defense mechanisms and crutches which were once useful now encumber his mind or inhibit his developmental efforts. As a result, in certain situations, it is difficult for him to assert himself, and he tends to remain an awkward or passive observer. Because his authoritarian urges are mainly directed at himself rather than others, he sometimes feels guilty about his behavior. He judges himself severely, and sometimes punishes himself by setting difficult tasks for himself. Gradually, he should build up a strong inner discipline and acquire the strength to face the problems of existence in a detached and mature way.

Ben Graham has a personality and behavior liable to be disrupted by a contradiction between the masculine and feminine archetypes ruling his psyche. Because his sensitivity is in conflict with his determination, his attitude and performance may be moody, fluctuating, and uncertain. Usually, he has the feeling he has to make superhuman efforts to succeed in assuaging his yearnings and fulfilling his ambitions. His unconscious, sensitive side often disapproves of his conscious endeavors and stealthily works to defeat them, causing crucial omissions, mistakes, and gaps which effectively sabotage his plans. In his relationships, the images he builds up and projects on the other are contradictory. As a result, any bond, even if it is pleasant and positive, also grates on his nerves. He finds it dissatisfying and irritating at the same time.

Ben Graham has a taste for luxury and magnificence, for a dazzling social life and a distinguished career. When things are going well for him, he tends to think of himself as the center of the universe, an attitude that those close to him don't always appreciate. Although he is quite likely to succeed in his ambition to become wealthy and popular and lead a remarkable life in the outer world, his lack of moderation and overweening self-confidence exposes him to some danger. His exaggerated optimism could create difficulties for him by causing him to make errors in judgment.

Ben Graham has a character that is fairly strong-willed, and he is mindful of going about his purposes with maximum efficiency. When he relates to other people, he sometimes has trouble expressing his emotions, but he does have a lively sensitivity and is capable of lasting passion. As he grows older, he is quite likely to come into his own and acquire great intellectual and spiritual wisdom. His honesty, integrity, and sense of duty will win him recognition and appreciation. Passing time will be a very important factor in his destiny, and his greatest accomplishments will guarantee him stability and prosperity. Although he is not especially enterprising, he will move into a high career position as soon as he feels sure of his abilities.

Ben Graham has a good balance between his need for movement and his tendency to be sedentary. He is just as likely to adapt to situations which require outbursts of initiative as to those which demand patience and perseverance.

Ben Graham is usually cool and distant in demeanor. He represses his feelings and sensitivity and avoids the sort of situation where he might be forced to express them. This inhibition is related to a feeling of not having been loved enough. In many cases, to the detriment of his love life, he is capable of plunging all his energy into his work. He seeks social recognition through his career achievements.

Ben Graham has a lively and curious intelligence. The very opposite of empty rhetoric and studiousness, he is agile and adaptable and can not only analyze difficult situations objectively but also demonstrate a profound comprehension when faced with a psychological problem.

Ben Graham has a sensitive personality. He may jump to conclusions, which could disrupt relationships, as well as career plans. He is subject to cyclical energy flows and go from periods of feverish activity to periods of withdrawal and introspection. The aggressive element in his behavior may be explained by emotional problems he may have experienced in infancy: his mother, or a mother figure, may have had an energetic and volatile personality.

Ben Graham is optimistic and happy to be alive. He is cheerful, communicative, and pleasant. His expansive nature is related to his gratification in childhood, which probably occurred in favorable surroundings with a mother or mother figure who was loving, indulgent, and generous. He is extremely kind-hearted himself and gives of himself and his wealth unstintingly. His bountifulness, which many people appreciate somewhat selfishly, may arise from a confusion between his desires and reality.

Ben Graham has a good balance between his need for movement and his tendency to be sedentary. He is just as likely to adapt to situations which require outbursts of initiative as to those which demand patience and perseverance.

Ben Graham has a great love and sensuality for life. He enjoys the experience of both the mundane and the exquisite.

Ben Graham is aware that he was taught to experience love in a certain way by his family, social class, or religion. He is determined to experiment with a new style. His idealistic aspirations may be a form of escapism. They encourage him to cast off conventional romantic practices and customs and embark on new adventures.

Ben Graham's birth chart indicates an emotional function which is usually expressed carefully and reasonably. Distrustful of his emotional urges and somewhat wary of his feelings, he tries to rid himself of all partiality and try to get some perspective and distance before making an emotional commitment.

Ben Graham somewhat aloof and inhibited when it comes to emotion, might be more comfortable at work than in love. His desire to progress and his taste for power give him wings. He will do well to admit that his emotions cannot be repressed indefinitely and that no matter how well he succeeds professionally, he cannot be truly happy unless he fosters an intimate bond.

Ben Graham has a good balance between his need for movement and his tendency to be sedentary. He is just as likely to adapt to situations which require outbursts of initiative as to those which demand patience and perseverance.

Ben Graham has the fiery, importunate nature of a fervent lover. Indeed, affairs of the heart are one of his main purposes in life. His personal charm and magnetism give him nearly irresistible powers of seduction, and nearly every one of his well-aimed attempts at conquest leads to the fulfillment and satisfaction of his desires. Due to his impulsiveness and impatience to initiate new encounters, his approach to potential partners may sometimes lack delicacy.

Ben Graham has an ardent and amorous character, and his relationships with the other sex are enlivened by intensity and passion. A charmer perpetually engaged in a quest for the ideal love, he is often more in love with the idea of love than with his partners. As a result, his love life may be subject to some instability. He is generally attracted to original people who defy norms, standards, and classifications, and expect them to amaze and fascinate him. Love is often a matter of luck with him. Even when a relationship falls apart, he does not see the experience as a failure or a tragedy; instead, he seems to learn valuable lessons from his mistakes. Psychologically, his emotion contributes positively and efficiently to his evolution. From another standpoint, his acute sensitivity predisposes him to original and subtle tastes; he is so receptive to beauty and attached to the concepts of truth and balance that they may all combine to yield remarkable creative potential.

Ben Graham has a high mental and intellect.

Ben Graham has a shrewd, inquisitorial mind. He always tries to detect the hidden mechanisms and processes behind the phenomena he observes. As a result, he has developed an ability to detect the truth behind appearances and the cause behind the effect. Although this way of thinking is based on a certain logic, and there is evidence of structure and cohesion in his deductive approach, it is not always purely intellectual. Indeed, its sources lie in a certain empiricism, in facts which have been experienced, so it is open to improvement. For this reason, its fields of application are highly diverse, although research in the hard sciences, psychology, and metaphysics seem to be the best career choices.

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